gynecomastia Description: Excess breast tissue – usually a combination of diet, heredity and aging – can be removed to give a firmer, flatter chest.

How it's done: The surgery can be performed in two ways: a small incision may be made under the nipple and excess tissue surgically excised or liposuction is performed through a similar incision at the edge of the nipple. Ultrasonic lipo has proved particularly effective in this procedure. To get the best results, liposuction and excision are often combined.

Complications: Some bruising and excessive bleeding may occur. Other possible complications include altered nipple shape, loss of sensation and skin rippling.

Recovery: One to two weeks.

Cost: $4000 and up, but provincial health insurance may cover all or part of the procedure.

Considering this procedure? Browse a list of Plastic Surgeons in Canada.