A guide to invasive and non-invasive dental cosmetic procedures.

15 07 24 Dental Guide 0

Expert Cosultation with: Dr. Sol Weiss, DMD, Cosmetic Dentist for the Art of Dentistry in Toronto


Non-Invaisve Procedures


15 07 24 Dental Guide 11) Porcelain Veneers

Veneers are a great option for anyone who is looking to reshape, resize or change the position of their teeth. Made of wafer-thin ceramic, the veneer is made in a dental laboratory to fit the surface of the existing tooth. But, in order to be a candidate for this procedure, the existing tooth must have a significant amount of structure remaining for the dentist to work with.

How it’s done: Since veneers fit snugly, your gum line may need some preparation. The process of being fitted for porcelain veneers normally involves two appointments. At the first visit, your dentist will remove a portion of the tooth enamel, depending on the tooth position and alignment, take moulds and fit you with temporary veneers. At the second visit, the temporary veneers will be removed and the permanent porcelain veneers will be bonded to your teeth.

Complications: You may experience sensitivity while wearing the temporary veneers. Since the procedure requires freezing during both visits, your gums may be tender for a couple of days. To maintain results, be sure to get a regular professional cleaning. With care, veneers can last 10 to 15 years.

Recovery: One day

Cost: $1,000 to $1,700 per tooth.

2) Porcelain Crowns

Not all teeth can be fitted with veneers. If you have a tooth that is broken, has a large filling or has had previous root canal work, your dentist will likely suggest a porcelain crown because it will completely cover the tooth. In the case of a molar, porcelain crowns are strong enough that they don’t have to be bonded to metal, as was previously done in this area. There are also options in terms of the type of porcelain crown your dentist may recommend, one of which is the e.max Lithium Disilicate crown.

How it’s done: At the first visit, your dentist will administer a local anaesthetic and prepare the tooth—by replacing the existing filling, for example—to make a base for the crown. A temporary acrylic crown will be placed on the tooth and used as a prototype. The permanent crown is fabricated in a dental lab and then applied during your second visit.

Complications: Gums may be sensitive or tender for a couple of days, but there is usually no pain or after-effects. A porcelain crown generally lasts from 10 to 15 years. Avoid hard candy and abrasive toothpaste.

Recovery: One day

Cost: Up to $1,350 per tooth.

3) Invisalign

Invisalign uses a series of clear aligners that are custom moulded to fit your mouth. The virtually invisible aligners reposition your teeth gradually.

How it’s done: After an orthodontist or dentist evaluates your teeth and creates a program of treatment, photos and impressions of the teeth are taken. A CT scan is made from the impressions and used to produce a 3D digital model of your teeth. Computer-aided design software is then used to simulate the movement of the teeth during treatment. Stereolithography technology is used to build precise moulds of your teeth at each stage of treatment, and individualized, clear aligners are made. The patient wears each aligner for approximately two weeks for a period of six to 11 months.

Complications: Some patients may need a positioner or retainer to prevent their teeth from moving again.

Recovery: Temporary discomfort for a few days at the beginning of each new stage of treatment, which is typically described as a feeling of pressure. This discomfort typically goes away a couple of days after inserting a new aligner in the series.

Cost: $4,500 to $7,000